A Place for Mom
Assisted Living
Memory Care
Independent Living
Senior Living
Sign in
A teal banner

Essential Words of Comfort for a Dying Loved One

7 minute readLast updated April 26, 2020
Written by Merritt Whitley

Knowing how to comfort a dying loved one is challenging and heart-wrenching. Whether you feel pressure to come up with the right words, or you’re not sure where to begin, your feelings are normal. Fortunately, there are things you can say or write to help you and your loved one feel more at peace.

Let our care assessment guide you

Our free tool provides options, advice, and next steps based on your unique situation.

Take our free care quiz

Meaningful conversations to have with your loved one

When talking to your loved one, focus on their needs. Everyone is comforted by different things. Small gestures, such as holding their hand or rubbing their back may feel relaxing or comforting to some. Others may find solace in tangible items, such as photo albums or mementos.

“One of the most important concepts in the field of grief and loss is that people drift in and out of the awareness of dying,” says Kenneth Doka, a senior consultant to the Hospice Foundation of America, and professor emeritus of gerontology at the graduate school of The College of New Rochelle. “Sometimes they do talk about it, sometimes not. The dying one should control the agenda. Don’t force conversations on them.”

When your loved one feels ready to talk, the following suggestions can be comforting ways to begin a conversation:

  • Ask how they’re doing
    Check in with your loved one. Discuss their feelings, thoughts, concerns; talk about their day or other topics they suggest.
  • Ask what they need
    Remind your loved one that you’re here to help. If they have particular wants or wishes, try to ensure that they’re carried out.
  • Let them know you’re there
    No one should feel alone, as these feelings can create unhealthy stress and excess sadness. It’s important to let your loved one know that you’re there for them — reassurance is key.

Don’t forget to say, “I love you”

Sometimes all it takes is three words to give someone the greatest feeling of comfort. During these uncertain times, don’t forget to make your feelings known.

We all express love differently, so whether you express it best verbally or through drawings, cards, or letters, simply let them know they’re loved and cared for.

Dying people typically want to hear (and say) four things, writes Dr. Ira Byock, professor of palliative medicine at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center in his book “The Four Things That Matter Most”:

Let our care assessment guide you

Our free tool provides options, advice, and next steps based on your unique situation.

  • “I forgive you.”
  • “Please forgive me.”
  • “I love you.”
  • “Thank you.”

If any of these seem fitting — whether you need to make peace, forgive, love, or simply thank them for anything they’ve done —  remain open to different conversations.

Write words of comfort in a letter

Sometimes it’s better to show rather than tell. Reflect on the happy times you shared with your loved one, even if it was many years ago. Recount old stories that may inspire laughter or the feeling of a life well-lived.

“People often approach death by making sure their life had significance,” says Doka. “Have conversations about the things they’ve learned, the legacies they’ve left, the memories you have of them. Help them feel like they were important.”

What to write to a dying loved one

As experts like Doka note, when people are about to die, one of the things they cherish most is the feeling that they mattered, and that they were important to someone… that they were important to you. Here are some examples of how to begin:

  • Thank you for the …
  • I will never forget when we …
  • You are the reason I learned to appreciate …
  • I’ve been thinking of you. I remember when …
  • Without you, I would have never discovered …
  • I am so grateful that you taught me the importance of …

Encourage loved ones to share

Everyone approaches their mortality differently. Some will find it important to mend relationships with family or friends, while others will prefer to focus on finding ways to remember accomplishments or airing out old regrets.

Either way, it’s important to give your loved one a chance to open up and process what they’ve experienced, as well as what’s to come. Now can be the best time to talk about memories, share stories, or discuss lessons learned.

Here are several questions to ask your loved one before they die:

  • What are the most important lessons that life taught you?
  • What are your favorite memories?
  • What legacies do you want to leave behind?
  • What experiences have been the most precious?
  • If you could relive a moment all over again, what would it be?

Be honest, kind, and open

There’s no perfect or easy way to navigate these moments or conversations. Above all, do your best to remain authentic, supportive, and understanding. When talking to your loved one, just remember that it’s OK to:

Talk with a Senior Living Advisor

Our advisors help 300,000 families each year find the right senior care for their loved ones.

  • Admit you don’t have all of the answers
  • Not understand why this is happening
  • Cry and express your emotions openly
  • Be silent — sometimes the best words can be no words

Things to avoid saying to someone who is dying

Open conversation or not, there are some thoughts one should generally avoid saying to someone who is dying.

  • Don’t give false assurances
    This can undermine trust and add unnecessary anxiety into a situation that is already difficult enough.
  • Don’t force a conversation
    Be patient with your loved one. If they’re not ready to talk, give them time to process their feelings and emotions.
  • Don’t force religion if your loved one is not religious
    If your loved one is not spiritual, be respectful and mindful of their beliefs.
  • Don’t force them to accept palliative care at home if they would prefer to receive care in another setting.

Prepare to say goodbye to a senior loved one

In many cases, a loved one dies suddenly due to an accident, heart attack, or other event. Sadly, there is little or no time to prepare or say goodbye. But with terminal illnesses like cancer, you can talk about end-of-life issues over months or even years. Yet, because we often don’t know what to say, we may miss out on opportunities to connect deeply with our dying loved one and have conversations we’ll remember and appreciate for years or even decades after they’re gone.

In addition to having meaningful conversations, it’s also important to have your loved one’s affairs in order, according to Brian Carpenter, psychological and brain sciences professor at Washington University in St. Louis. In an interview for the American Psychological Association he suggested asking the three following questions to help eliminate end-of-life stress regarding:

  1. Finances
    Ask where their important financial documents (end-of-life instructions, wills, life-insurance policies, etc.) are located so they can be organized, stored, and carried out correctly by the right person.
  2. Funeral or service
    What kind of arrangement do they prefer? Who do they want to be involved, or who do they want there? Is there anything they don’t want?
  3. Location
    If they’re given a choice, do they prefer to be at home, a different residential setting, or in the hospital?

As difficult as it can be to have these discussions, it’ll make it easier to move forward so that you’re able to focus on the present with your loved one.

Make peace with yourself and your loved one

Don’t forget to nurture yourself during this time, too. Caregivers or family members who need support through a loved one’s death, and the bereavement process, may find it most helpful to turn to others who have been through a similar experience. Grief counseling or therapy can also be positive avenues to pursue when you need professional advice or someone to talk to.

Saying goodbye to your loved one will never be easy. However, staying prepared, asking questions, and having open conversations can help you both find a sense of peace and much-needed comfort in the end.


Meet the Author
Merritt Whitley

Merritt Whitley is a creative copywriter at A Place for Mom. She has written for senior audiences for about six years and specializes in health, finance, and lifestyle content. Merritt has managed multiple print publications, social media channels, and blogs. She earned a bachelor’s degree from Eastern Illinois University, where she focused on journalism, advertising, and public relations.

The information contained on this page is for informational purposes only and is not intended to constitute medical, legal or financial advice or create a professional relationship between A Place for Mom and the reader. Always seek the advice of your health care provider, attorney or financial advisor with respect to any particular matter, and do not act or refrain from acting on the basis of anything you have read on this site. Links to third-party websites are only for the convenience of the reader; A Place for Mom does not endorse the contents of the third-party sites.

Make the best senior care decision