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Kulas, Stanley
Branch: Army
Rank: Master Sergeant (E-8)
War or Conflict: Served from 1908 to 1939
Years of Service: 31
Chapter 10

The Warrior
As of: 29 December 2012


By

James F. Kulas
(Nephew of Stanley Kulas)

The Stanley P. Kulas Story


(Reserve for photo of "is this Stanley KulasER.jpg)
Source of Photo: Dino Kulas

Stanley P. Kulas, Jan and Marya's ninth child, was born 2 May 1885 at Minto in the Dakota Territory, and attended grade school till about the forth grade. Stanley probably attended Grade school in Warsaw, ND. All his life Stanley bemoaned the fact that he had so little education. He always felt he could have made more headway in the Army if he had more education. His baptismal name was Anatazy, but when he started school his first teacher, a man, changed it to Stanley.

Reserved for photo of Stanley and Leon Kulas in their youth
Source of photo; ????

Stanley did very little talking about himself, but one story that Stanley would tell about himself was that one-day some friends of his came by and told him they were off to join the Army. Stanley thought that was very funny indeed, but having time on his hands, he decided to tag along and take part in the "so-called-fun". However, all his friends were turned down and Stanley ended up in the Army. He was 5' 4" tall. He stated he had a hard time adjusting to Army life. All his life on the farm he had been free and now people were telling him what to do. The first time, when in the Army, he asked to go to town on a Saturday night he was turned down but he went anyway.

A favorite form of punishment in those days in the Army was the carrying of huge rocks back and forth or breaking up big rocks into little stones. Stanley said he spent his share of time breaking up and carrying rocks as punishment for breaking rules. He said he provide gravel for many miles of U.S. Highways. However, he did learn and apparently grew to like the Army, as he said the luckiest day of his life, was the day he enlisted at Fort Snelling, Minn., on 1 December 1908.

(Reserved for photo of "Kulas,Stanley.jpg" in uniform)

Stanley served in the Coast Artillery Corps (C.A.C.) for thirty years and retired on 31 March 1939 as Master Sergeant from the 6th C.A. at Fort Winfield Scott in California. Stanley enlisted 11 times during his 30+ years of service and he tried to enlist again after Pearl Harbor. His service number was R-819866. Units of the Coast Artillery that he served with include:

a. The 33d Company at Fort Columbia, Washington, from 1 December 1908 to 30 November 1911. The Fort was located on the mouth of the Columbia River in western Washington in the town of Chinook. The Fort provided harbor defense of the Columbia River from 1896 to 1947. Fort Columbia is one of the few intact coastal defense sites in the U.S. This was his first enlistment. His initial discharge and reenlistment paper said he was 23 and 7/12 years of age when he first enlisted, that he had Dark Brown hair, Blue #9 eyes, Ruddy complexion, was 5 feet, 4 inches tall, and that he attained the rank of private. His discharge paper also indicates he was a first Class Gunner in marksmanship.

Photo of Fort Columbia taken Jan 1913
Currently Fort Columbia State Park is a 593-acre day-use historical park with 6,400 feet of freshwater shoreline on the Columbia River. The park celebrates a military site that constituted the harbor defense of the Columbia River from 1896 to 1947. The fort was fully manned and operational through three wars. The area was also home for the Chinook Indians and their famed Chief Comcomly. Most of the buildings and structures remain and are open to the public. Two 6-inch guns on M1 shielded barbette carriages were brought from Canada and installed in Battery 246 in 1994. Vacation houses are available for rent year round. In 2008 the state has removed overgrown vegetation and a number of trees from the site, and has finished a renovation program on the buildings, which included remodeling the interiors of some of the buildings for use as vacation housing rentals, re-roofing with all the buildings with new slate, and repainting the exteriors.


Photo of Fort Columbia taken Jan 1913
Source of Photos and info: www.cdsg.org


b. Stanley apparently liked it at Fort Columbia, because his second enlistment was with the 33d Co. at Fort Columbia, Washington, on 1 December 1911. He stayed there for three more years until he was discharge again on 30 November 1914. A photo he had taken of himself during this time was taken at Wilson Studio in Astoria, Oregon (shown below). His military grade, at the time of his second discharge, was Sergeant.

(Reserved for photo of "Kulas,StanleyAtStudio.ipg" )

c. His third enlistment was with the 20th Co. C.A.C., San Francisco, from 5 December 1914 to 15 June 1919. He was discharged in the grade of Sergeant. This was a 4 year, 6 month and 11 day enlistment. North Dakota records of ND citizens who served in the Armed Services indicate tat Stanley's Service Number during this period was 819866. This is probably his service number through out his military career. During this time Stanley's younger brother, Edward, joined the Army on 27 May 1918 at Grafton, ND. Edward was sent to Camp Lewis, Washington, where he served till he went overseas to Europe (See Chapter 12 for more details on Edward's service) on 11 August 1918. Prior to Edward's departure for Europe, Stanley and Edwards got together in California and took a picture at the Rembrandt Studio in San Diego, CA.


(Space reserve for photo of Stanely and Edward)
Left to Right: Stanley, Edward
Source of photo: Ordene Dexter Carson (chapter 11)

d. The next enlistment (the forth) was with the 18th Co., C.A.C. San Francisco. This may have been at a place called Fort Miley, California, but due to lack of documentation is not known for sure. This enlistment was a short enlistment, only one year, from 16 June 1919 to 15 June 1920. This may indicate that he was discharge so that he could reenlist for another assignment or location. He was discharge in the grade of Sergeant.

e. The fifth enlistment was with the 119th Co., C.A.C., during the period from 16 June 1920 to 15 June 1923. At the end of this enlistment he was discharged in the grade of Staff
Sergeant. Where the 119th was located is not known from available information. Could this have been in the Panama Canal Zone or in the Philippines?

f. Stanley's sixth enlistment was with the 13th Coast Artillery (C.A.) from 16 June 1923 to 15 June 1926, and he was discharged in the grade of Staff Sergeant. Information as to location and anything else is not available and remains a mystery to be solved.

g. Apparently Stanley like his duty with the 13th Coast Artillery because he reenlisted (Seventh enlistment) and stayed with them for another three years, from 16 June 1926 to 15 June 1929. He was again discharged in the grade of Staff Sergeant.

h. His eighth enlistment was with "E" Battery (Btry), 7th C.A., from 16 June 1929 to 15 June 1932, again being discharged in the grade of Staff Sergeant at the end of the enlistment.
This tour of duty was at a place called Fort DuPont, Delaware. 1930 Census information provided by Dennis Kulas shows Stanley P Kulas being at Fort Amadat, Panama Canal Zone, on 4 April 1930. Whether he was reassigned to Fort Amadat, or just there on temporary duty is not known.

i. Stanley enlisted for the ninth time on 16 June 1932 at Fort DuPont, Delaware, but according to records in his file, he applied for a transfer to "E" Btry 13th C.A. at Key West Barracks in Florida on 20 October 1932. He held the grade of Technical Sergeant (Electrical) at the time of his transfer request. This transfer was approved and he served out his enlistment with "E" Btry, 13th C.A. in Florida and was discharged in the grade of Technical Sergeant on 15 June 1935.

j. Stanley's tenth enlistment was spent at Hq & C Troop 1st Bn 55th C.A. at Fort Kamehameha in the Islands of Hawaii, during the period from 16 June 1935 to 15 June 1938. He was discharged in the grade of Tech. Sergeant.


14 Inch Coastal Artillery Gun on Disappearing Carriage, Battery Randolph, Hawaii
Source: Judith Bowman, Dir., Army Museum of Hawaii


k. Stanley's eleventh and final enlistment took place at Fort Kamehameha on 16 June 1938. On the 4th of February 1939 Stanley was promoted to the grade of Master Sergeant (Electrical) with an effective date of 1 February 1939. On 2 March 1939, at Fort Winfield Scott in California, Stanley applied for retirement from the Coast Artillery Corps. This request was approved and on 31 March 1939 (9 months and 15 days into his final enlistment) he was retired and placed on the retirement rolls of the Army.

According to Bert Kulas (Stanley's nephew), some stories are told that Stanley was also in the Panama Canal Zone and the Philippines. Although documentation that he was in these areas has not been found, he could have gone to these areas on temporary duty from one of his enlistments or maybe his assignment with the 119 Co. or 13th C.A. (paragraph e. and f. above) was in these areas.

After he retired from the Army, Stanley settled in the Miami Florida area (His address was Box 54, Buena Vista Station, Miami 37 Florida) however he spent many of his retirement summers with relatives in North Dakota, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. One summer Stanley spent with his brother, Ludwik. During that summer he built a small chicken coop (about 8 by 12 feet) for Ludwik's farm to be used for raising baby chicks. Stanley liked to drink beer and could drink almost a case a day by himself (a possible indication of an alcoholic problem). As a result he put on a lot of weight. His military retirement identification card, dated 1958, states he weighted 210 pounds.

Reserved for photo titled "Tony Kulas"
Photo received from Irene (Friedrichs) Blank (chapter 4)
Photo has the name Tony Kulas written on it but photo is believed to be a picture of Stanley with his "Wife"

It has been stated that after he retired, but is not known for sure, that Stanley married a widow in Florida who had a rabbit and poultry ranch. He liked the ranch, modernized it, rigged up automatic feeding bins, and ran water to all the pens and automatic values to keep the troughs full. Stories told are that his wife died after 2 or 3 years of a heart attack. Another story is that the marriage broke up after a couple of years. Mike Donahue, Grandson of Stella (Kulas) Maszk (Stanley's Sister)(See Chapter 7) states, " Stanley was not a single man all his life. He married about the time of his retirement ...on a small chicken farm they bought in Florida. Tragically his wife (name unknown but "Jean" pops up in Mike's memory) was electrocuted as she plugged in a toaster. (Burial location unknown?) Stanley sold the farm. He lived in a hotel(s) in Miami for the early/mid 1950s on, may have lived in a hotel earlier. He took his meals at a couple restaurants close to the hotel, but Mike can't remember the names of them." Mike spent a week two successive summers with Stanley at his Grandmother's Stella and Uncle Ambrose (Amby) Maszk. Amby drove Stanley about the Warsaw/Minto area visiting relatives. Where ever he went to visit he took along 2 six packs of Grain Belt. He could make a can of Grain Belt last all afternoon. Mike remembers Stanley starting each day with a gin-and-tonic. Mike says that Stanley had the booming voice of an old Army NCO and could be understood clearly from a block away. Stanley's frequent statement, "The Army never hurt nobody" apparently had an effect on Mike as he spend 29 years in the US Army Reserve, often thinking of Stanley.

In his later years, when his health began to fail, Stanley lived with his niece, Mrs. Sue Short in Miami, until he had to be hospitalized because his mind was going. He had a stroke and lived about three months after the stroke. He passed away on 25 November 1967. A Dept of Florida, American Legion, Post # 29, memorial resolution, list Stanley's middle name as Peter. Stanley is buried in space 6E, Lot 223, of the St. Joseph Section of Flagler Memorial Park in Miami, Florida.
  
(Reserve for photo(s) of Stanley's Grave Marker)
Left to Right: Flagler Memorial Park; Grave Marker; Grave Site-St Joseph Section

The location or date of the photo on the first page of this chapter is not known. It appears to be in a tropical environment so it could be in Florida or Hawaii, both places where Stanley lived or worked. Stanley's appearance on the photo would indicate that it was taken in Florida where he lived after he retired from the Army. This will remain a mystery to be resolved by future family genealogists. Also the locations of the 119 Co. C.A. and the 13th C.A. at the time of Stanley's assignment needs to be determined (paragraph e. and f. above) and will remain mysteries to be solved.


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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Special thanks is given to Mrs. Sue Short (Niece of Stanley Kulas) (chapter 8) who provided much of this information and who also provided what military records Stanley had, which she saved after his death. This enabled the author to go to the Military Personnel Records Center in St. Louis and get records of Stanley's military service.

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