Your loved one is at a point in their life when they need help with day-to-day activities and functions, and you want to secure the best possible care to support their health and well-being.
Nursing homes — sometimes called skilled nursing facilities or convalescent homes — are one senior care option to explore. Nursing homes offer the highest level of care to adults who have chronic, debilitating physical or mental health conditions and require round-the-clock supervision. They provide more specialized resources than assisted living or memory care communities, typically administered by licensed professionals. These services include wound care, feeding assistance, injections, and physical therapy. In addition to meeting medical needs, nursing home staff also provide help with activities of daily living (ADLs), such as bathing and grooming, and activities to promote social interaction.
Because nursing homes provide this high level of care, they tend to cost more than other senior care types. As of January 2021, the average cost of a shared room in a nursing home was $255 a day, or $7,650 a month, according to the American Council on Aging. If your loved one’s doctor has determined they require nursing home care, you’ll want to start planning how your family will cover nursing home costs.
Who pays for nursing home care? While most families use a combination of personal savings, private insurance, and assets to cover senior living, some federal and state programs offer assistance to seniors paying for nursing homes. Resources vary by location, care needs, and financial eligibility.
Medicare. Nursing homes often offer short-term inpatient rehab in addition to longer-term senior housing and care. Medicare — a federal program that provides health coverage to seniors age 65 and older — covers short-term stays. It doesn’t cover long-term care.
This is helpful for older adults recovering from an injury or other health event, but it’s not a lifelong solution.
“Medicare pays full coverage for the first 20 days and partial payment for days 21 to 100,” says Michael Leitson, senior data manager at the American Health Care Association. “After day 100, they don’t pay anything.”
Learn more about Medicare’s coverage and some additional benefits of the program.
Medicaid. Medicaid is a state and federal program that covers medical costs for people with limited income and resources. Unlike Medicare, Medicaid pays for extended nursing home care if a senior qualifies based on income. Eligibility requirements differ by state — review the American Council on Aging’s free Medicaid eligibility test to determine if your loved one qualifies for financial assistance for long-term care.
Most, but not all, nursing homes accept Medicaid. To learn more about how to pay for nursing home care with Medicaid benefits, contact your state’s Medicaid office.
VA benefits. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs does provide senior care to veterans who require long-term medical assistance. Senior living covered by the VA is often determined by a senior’s individual health care needs and may include paying for nursing homes. Veterans and their spouses must already be signed up for VA health care and meet enrollment and eligibility requirements based on income, disability level, and location. Learn more about how to secure nursing home payments through the VA here.
In addition to state and federal programs, many families pay for nursing homes using personal resources. Consider the following options, and consult your loved one about their savings and funds.
Savings. Personal savings, or out-of-pocket payments, are the primary way seniors fund nursing home care, according to the National Institute on Aging.
Pensions. A pension is a sum of money paid monthly by a retiree’s former employer. Pension amounts are generally based on position, years of service, and age of retirement.
Retirement income. Retirement income can include social security benefits, benefits from annuities, retirement or profit sharing plans, insurance contracts, or IRAs. Retirement income is often taxable. Speak with an accountant about potential tax breaks and credits for using retirement income to pay for nursing home care.
Stocks. Stock portfolios can be sold to pay for nursing home care. Speak with your loved one’s portfolio advisor to determine the best course of action.
Home sale. Selling a house to pay for senior care is common. In fact, people older than 55 accounted for more than half of all home sellers in 2019 and 2020, according to a report from the National Association of Realtors.
Assistance from family. Who pays for nursing home care if an elderly loved one hasn’t saved or planned in advance? That responsibility often falls to family members. Financial discussions can be difficult, especially when multiple family members will be paying for nursing home care jointly. Avoid sibling disputes by planning in advance.
Bridge loans. These quickly available, short-term loans can be used to pay for a move to a skilled nursing facility or nursing home while assets are being liquidated or while a home is being sold.
Our advisors help 300,000 families each year find the right senior care for their loved ones.
If your loved one has planned in advance, they may be able to pay for nursing home care with an insurance policy. However, new policies often can’t be purchased once a senior reaches a certain age. These three types of insurance can help fund senior care.
Long-term care insurance. If your relative purchased a long-term care insurance plan, there’s a good chance you can receive funds to cover nursing home care costs. Most nursing homes are categorized as custodial care, and long-term care insurance is designed to pay for custodial care as well as personal care. However, policies and benefits vary by plan.
Life insurance. Using life insurance to finance long-term care is one way to pay for a nursing home. Seniors can either surrender their life insurance policy at cash value (the amount they’ve paid over the years) or sell the policy to a third party at market value.
Private health insurance. Depending on the policy, some private insurance plans will cover the cost of medical care in a nursing home. When choosing a facility, ask the sales director if it’s possible to divide costs into medical care — administering medication, physical therapy, and injections — and personal care, such as activities, dining plans, and housekeeping. Health insurance may cover the former.