How to Spot Bogus Science News About Aging
Aging has a negative connotation, especially in our society. Sometimes the media uses anti-aging sentiment to spin sensational stories about the science of aging.
We teach you how to spot bogus science news about aging and show some examples.
How to Spot Bogus Science News About Aging
NPR station KQED devised a good scheme for spotting bad science news. We’ll show you how to use it with science stories about aging.
They call the scheme G.L.A.D.:
- Get past the clickbait.
- Look for crazy claims.
- Analyze sources.
- Determine outside expert opinions.
Let’s look at each of the four tips in turn after this hilarious video from KQED.
Get Past the Clickbait
What’s “clickbait”? Clickbait just means “sensational news headline.” Chasing after online ad revenue, many websites bait you to click on a link with a grabby title like “You Won’t Believe What This Miracle Anti-Aging Cure Did for Her.”
If you must click, read the whole article! The point isn’t that all clickbait science news is bogus science news. The point is to actually read or watch the story long enough to understand the claim it makes. Often a study’s findings are more measured than the headline, and the outcome less certain.
Don’t be so hard on yourself! Science news clickbait often plays to the vulnerability you feel about aging. Definitely read “This Chair Rocks” by Ashton Applewhite to engender a more positive perspective of aging. It’ll leave you less susceptible to clickbait science news about aging.
Caregiving is hard and clickbait doesn’t help. A lot of science news clickbait targets stressed-out caregivers who desperately need a break and hope. Many headlines oversell a new treatment for Alzheimer’s as a miracle cure. Proceed with skepticism, because these articles will let you down and leave you feeling worse.
Example: Drug to Cure Alzheimer’s in Mice… Maybe
Look at this snapshot of an article from Express, the British news site that hosts the Daily Express. The headline tells you there is a drug to cure Alzheimer’s. Yet it turns out scientists just tested a cancer treatment called bexarotene on mice, leading to promising changes in brain anatomy but not behavior.
So while the researchers were “shocked” by the drug’s effectiveness, we shouldn’t be shocked that the reporter was totally overselling the findings for a click. Frankly, if I were caring for a loved one with Alzheimer’s, I’d be pissed.
Look for Crazy Claims
If it looks too good to be true, it probably is, notes Lauren Farrar, the KQED science reporter who wrote about the G.L.A.D. method for spotting bad science news.
Noshing on your favorite snack probably won’t prolong your life. Avoid stories that claim your favorite snack or beverage is really the cure for cancer, unless you’re into it for laughter rather than learning. Not only are these stories clickbait, they’re most likely worthless as nutritional advice. The nutrition science behind them has some severe limitations.
Just because it’s an ingredient doesn’t mean there’s enough of it to matter. Some crazy claims involve things you should supposedly avoid. The news is more sensational when it’s something most people see as healthy. For example, kale and other brassicas can contain a toxic heavy metal called thallium, but you’d have to habitually eat a ridiculously large amount of kale for it to affect your health.
Be wary of “surprising findings.” At A Place for Mom, we are interviewed regularly by reporters about our research. One question that always comes up is, “What was the most surprising finding in your study?” But often times, the most surprising finding is the one least likely to be validated by future research.
Fact checkers are your friend. Every day, passionate amateurs and professional journalists alike work hard to review crazy claims. Snopes is a good general-purpose fact-checking site with a large library of reviewed claims. They don’t always get it right, but most often they do. When anti-aging science news sounds too good to be true, type “snopes,” followed by whatever crazy claim you’re checking, into the Google search bar, and then click “Enter.” You can thank us later.
Some Fact-Checking Websites
Example: No, Maple Syrup Is Not a Cure for Alzheimer’s
Last year, some researchers found that two botanical compounds in maple syrup can stop a protein found in Alzheimer’s patients’ brains from activating. Clickbait soon followed. Yet the study didn’t involve human trials, and it didn’t actually involve maple syrup (just compounds found in it).
Most articles about the syrup study provided a note of caution, including one on our sister site, Alzheimers.net. Yet an article in the New York Post doubled down on the crazy. A direct quote: “The tasty treat may prevent the clumping and ‘misfolding’ of brain cell proteins… that trigger the devastating disease.” No. That’s not what the study showed at all.
When it comes to science news, always consider the original source. Is the article based on research published in a peer-reviewed science journal? That’s a good sign, but not necessarily. If you have time, look even deeper. Who is funding those researchers and why? As ever, the Internet is your friend if you use it wisely.
Example: Most of What Dr. Oz Says Is Bogus
Back in 2009, America’s doctor stood before Oprah with a bowl of resveratrol pills he was peddling as a miracle anti-aging remedy. Five years later, the British Medical Journal published a study showing that only 46% of his claims on “The Dr Oz Show” were supported by medical evidence, 15% went against the evidence, and 39% had no evidence either way.
Dr. Travis Stork and friends fare somewhat better on “The Doctors” TV show. Evidence supported 63% of their claims, contradicted 14%, and was absent entirely for 24%.
The same study showed the most common type of recommendation Dr. Oz made was dietary advice. The most common recommendation on “The Doctors” was to consult a healthcare provider. You should listen to that second recommendation, and maybe ignore all the rest.
Determine Outside Expert Opinions
When you read any science news about aging, check for a statement from an outside expert not connected to the study. These experts often point out potential weaknesses of the findings, or support the article’s claim with additional evidence. Check whether that expert’s credentials qualify them to comment on the research. Think about their motives for commenting.
Outside expert quotes are often near the end of the article. So again, read the article!
- Before you click on that science news article, remember the G.L.A.D. method to spot bad science news about aging
- Get past the grabby headline, read the article, put on your thinking cap, and remember the source
- If it looks too good to be true, it probably is
Send Us the Most Bogus Science News About Aging You Can Find
Send bogus-sounding science news headlines to firstname.lastname@example.org. We can always use a good chuckle, and we may even look into the claims and call them out in the future. We’re pretty passionate about not wasting the time of older adults and their caregivers.
Speaking of Not Wasting Your Time…
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